The late Prakash Kaphley and prominent activist Sushil Pyakurel founded INSEC in 1988. Started with the objective of protecting the rights of people engaged in informal sectors, it has significantly contributed to protecting and promoting the fundamental rights of people in virtually all sectors. Immediately after its inception, INSEC implemented an advocacy program targeting the cart pushers in Kathmandu. In time, INSEC has gradually identified its core competency areas: organizing campaigns, awareness-building and education programs. Education, monitoring, lobbying, advocacy, research and training on issues related to human rights have been major undertakings for INSEC for the past decade. As a human rights NGO, INSEC is focuses on the rights of agricultural laborers, underprivileged women and socially discriminated people, including dalits and children.